Explain the objective of implementing the NREGA 2005.

In the agriculture sector one can notice that there is considerable underemployment.There are also people who are completely unemployed.

The basic objective of NREGA 2005 is to increase employment.

NREGA 2005 – Important Facts

  • National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 is the full form of NREGA 2005.
  • In 200 districts of India, the Right to Work law was implemented by the Central Government.
  • Later it was expanded by implementing this law in additional 130 districts.
  • With effect from 1 April, 2008 remaining districts in rural areas also came under the NREGA Act 2005.
  • 100 days of guaranteed employment will be given by the government in a year as per NREGA Act 2005. Employment will be given to those who are in need of work and those who are able to do the work.
  • It is the duty of the Government to provide 100 days of employment as per law, if the Government fails to do so, then the Government will have to give unemployment allowances to people.
  • The types of work that would be given preference as per the NREGA 2005 law are the ones that would help in increasing the production in the future.

Other Ways of Increasing Employment

Government implemented NREGA to increase job opportunities in the short term, but over the long term, the following measures will also help in increasing the job opportunities.

  • Every region or state has opportunities for increasing the employment and income for people of that particular area.
  • For all these to come to fruition, the Government has to provide proper support and planning.
  • Employment can be increased in industries like IT, regional craft industry, tourism, etc.
  • As per the erstwhile Planning Commission, if improvements are made in the tourism sector, every year lakhs of employment could be added.
  • Around 20 lakh jobs could be created in the education sector alone as per a study conducted by the Planning Commission.
  • As per the estimation of the former Planning Commission, many children do not go to school. If these students receive formal education, then it would create more demand for teachers, education institutions, buildings and support staff ,thereby increasing the job opportunities in lakhs.
  • More employment opportunities could be generated in villages by opening Cold storage facilities. Cold storage would help farmers to store their product and sell them when the prices are favourable in the market.
  • Villages which are located nearby forest areas can start centres of honey collection thereby creating additional job opportunities for villagers.
  • If the government invests money in making better rural roads, crop storage and transportation many farmers will get benefits in addition it can provide productive employment to others as well in other segments like trade and transportation sector apart from agriculture sector.

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