Explain the term colligative property.

Answer:

A colligative property of a solution is one that is determined by the ratio of total number of solute particles to total number of solvent particles. The chemical nature of the solution’s components has no effect on colligative properties. Various colligative property exhibited by a solution are,

  • Boiling point elevation
  • Relative lowering of vapour pressure
  • Freezing point depression
  • Osmotic pressure

Why are Colligative properties important?

The lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of the boiling point, depression of the freezing point, and osmotic pressure are all colligative properties. This property is critical to a variety of natural phenomena and technological applications.

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