- The full form of FAD is Flavin Adenine Dinucleotide.
Riboflavin and two molecules of ATP are formulated to give flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD).
- The full form of FMN is Flavin Mono Nucleotide.
Riboflavin 5′-phosphate also known as FMN is synthesised when Riboflavin also known as vitamin B2 is phosphorylated by ATP. Cellular energy production is promoted by vitamin B2. Vitamin B2 is present in foods such as broccoli, cereals, eggs, salmon, milk, and spinach.
- The full form of NADP is Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucloetide Phosphate
NADP+ is a common acceptor of electrons. It receives electrons and an atom of hydrogen and becomes NADPH. NADP+ is produced in anabolic reactions or the reaction that develops large molecules from small molecules.
- The full form of NAD is Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide
Niacin, which is also known as vitamin B3, produces NAD. Vitamin B3 helps cardiovascular health and cellular energy development. It is one of the nicotinic acid types. Food sources include lentils, peanuts, beef, fish, and poultry.