Give an example of a chemical compound that dissolves in ethanol.

LiCl and MgCl2 both are soluble in ethanol.

Explanation

Alcohol forms hydrogen bonding, and it also has a covalent character, so it is a polar solvent. Due to the polar nature, lithium chloride and magnesium chloride are soluble in polar solvent alcohol. Lithium chloride has a sufficient covalent character because of greater polarisation.

  • Lithium chloride is mainly used to produce lithium metal by electrolysis of a LiCl/KCl melt at 450 °C (842 °F).
  • Magnesium chloride is used to treat or prevent magnesium deficiency (lack of natural magnesium in the body).

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