Give an example of the specie that has a linear shape.

Answer:

NO2+ has linear shape, due to sp hybrid state of N.

Determination of linear shape of molecule

  • Molecular shapes can be predicted using Lewis diagrams and the VSEPR theory. Molecules that consist of three atoms (i.e. AX2) may be linear or bent.
  • Linear molecular geometry would be empirically based upon an AX2 molecular formula with ‘A’ being the central element and X’s the attached substrates.
  • The AXn is the most commonly used general formula. Molecules with a linear electron pair geometries have sp hybridization at the central atom.

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