Ammonium hydroxide, Potassium hydroxide, Calcium hydroxide are examples of the base.
Basic substances react in aqueous solutions by accepting protons, giving away electrons, or releasing hydroxide ions. Most bases are minerals that react with acids to form water and salts.
Properties of base
- Aqueous based solution or molten bases dissociate into ions and conduct electricity.
- A basic solution has a pH greater than 7.
- Strong bases and concentrated bases are caustic. They react vigorously with acids and organic matter.
- A strong base completely dissociates into its ions in water or is a compound that can remove a proton (H+) from a very weak acid.
- A weak base incompletely dissociates in water. Its aqueous solution includes both the weak base and its conjugate acid.