Give some examples of plants that use cross-pollination

Pollination can be defined as the pre-fertilization event or process where pollen grains from anther are transferred to the stigma of a flower.

Types

Pollination is a biological process in which the pollen grains are transferred from an anther (male part of a flower) to the stigma (female part of a flower). There are two types of pollination:

  • Self-Pollination
  • Cross-Pollination

Here we will learn about cross pollination

Cross pollination

Cross-pollination is the transfer to pollen from anthers of flowers of one plant to stigma of a flower of another plant of the same species. The pollen grains are transferred by wind, animals and artificial pollination

It is a complex type of pollination that involves the transfer of pollen from the anther of one flower to the stigma of a different flower. This type of pollination results in an increase in genetic diversity because the different flowers are sharing and mixing their genetic information to create unique offspring.

Pollinators

Pollination involves different pollinators. It can be either by wind or an animal.

  • Wind pollination: The wind picks up pollen from one plant and blows it onto another.
  • Animal pollination: These are organisms that travel from flower to flower and transfer pollen to each flower they visit.

Example

Plants like strawberries, grapes, raspberries, tulips, apples, plums, pears, daffodils, and more. Pollination by the wind is observed in different grasses, maples trees, dandelions, and catkins undergo cross pollination.

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