A type of weak force that results in the formation of dipole-dipole interaction between a hydrogen atom and an electronegative atom that is strongly bonded to another electronegative atom is called hydrogen bonding. Hydrogen plays a vital role in organic chemistry. As we all know that organic chemistry is a branch of chemistry that mainly deals with the hydrocarbons and some extra atoms like oxygen and halogens attached to it.
Applications of hydrogen bonds in organic chemistry:
- In organic chemistry, the bonds between oxygen and hydrogen are the hydrogen bond itself
- Alcohol is a type of an organic molecule which contains an -OH group. Normally, if any molecule which contains the hydrogen atom is connected to either oxygen or nitrogen directly, then hydrogen bonding is easily formed
- The amino acids are bonded by this hydrogen bonds
- The compounds like carboxylic acids, phenols, ether posses hydrogen bonding