Parliament’s primary function is to pass new legislation, change current laws, and remove old laws. A bill gets passed in both houses of parliament for any such process. If passed by both houses, a bill requires the president’s approval to become an Act.
If a bill is proposed in the house by a minister, then it is known as government or public bill. Government bill requires a 7- days notification for its introduction. The government could collapse upon failure, based on the type of government bill as well as the majority needed to get such a bill passed.
Steps to follow: Bill to become law
- A bill approved by both parliamentary houses goes out to the speaker.
- The speaker signs it, then the bill is submitted to the assent committee president. That’s the final step of a bill.
- If the president approves the bill, then it becomes a law. When it is a law, it is incorporated into the book of laws and released in Gazette.
Few important points
- A bill that is pending for more than six months in another house is considered to be rejected. It does not mean that a bill has lapsed.
- The bill, which runs out due to the dissolution of the Lok Sabha, gets lapses and no joint sitting is required in this case.
- The challenged provisions are either fully approved in the joint sitting or rejected in entirety.
- If the president returns the bill, the entire process will be reopened, and it will take the same procedure as before.
- The president withholds the consent, that would indicate the end of the bill.