Reproduction is an inherent characteristic in plants which enables to produce new offsprings regularly. Plants are living entities and exhibit living characteristics such as breathing, digesting, excreting, reproducing.
A flower also comprises of the reproductive part of plants. A flower can either have the male or female part or both the parts. Flowers in plants carry out the reproductive functions in plants when both the male and female gametes are fused to produce the seeds which bear the fruit. These seeds germinate to produce new plant structures. The process of reproduction takes place in these reproductive parts of the flower.
Reproductive parts of flower
- Stamen –the male part of the flower
- Pistil – The female part of the flower, which is involved in the reproduction process in all flowering plants of the kingdom Plantae.
The process of reproduction in plants is carried out in three stages which is described below:
- Pollination: The reproduction in plants begins from the process of pollination. In this process, the pollen grains are transferred between the anther and stigma of the same flower or of another plant. There are different types of pollinating agents including birds, insects, animals, wind, and water.
- Formation of Zygote: The second stage of reproduction is carried on with the zygote formation by the fusion of male and female gametes.
- Formation of Fruits: Fertilization is the final stage of reproduction in which the embryo is developed from the zygote develops into an embryo, which later swells up and develops into a fruit.
Also Read: Different Modes Of Plant Reproduction
This was a brief introduction to reproduction in plants. Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more in detail about the reproduction in Plants.