How do gymnosperms and angiosperms differ from each other?

Angiosperms are flowering plants that have their seeds enclosed within the fruits. Gymnosperms, on the other hand, do not bear flower and fruits and the seeds are exposed on the surface of leaves or scales. Let us have a look at the important differences between angiosperms and gymnosperms.


Flowering plants

Non-flowering plants

Seeds are enclosed within the ovary

Seeds are exposed on the surface of leaves, cones or scales



Leaves are flat

Leaves are needle-like with scales

Cotyledons are present

Cotyledons are absent
Hardwood plants

Softwood plants

Mostly rely on animals for pollination

Mostly rely on wind for pollination
Stigma and style are present

Stigma and style are absent

Distinct archegonia are present

Archegonia is absent
Double fertilization takes place

The fertilization is only generative type

These are a source of hardwood, pharmaceuticals, timber. fibre products, etc.

These are a source of softwood such as pine, fur, paper and plywood

To know more about the differences between angiosperms and gymnosperms keep visiting BYJU’S website.

Further Reading:

Difference between angiosperms and gymnosperms

What are Angiosperms

What are Gymnosperms

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  1. This is very help full

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