Democracy is the key role in the formation of a government and also country. A democratic country has its own rules and policies for the development of the country. The politics in a democratic country and the head of the state and country are elected by people. There are many social divisions which affect politics. Let us now see how these divisions affect politics.
What does democracy involve?
. Democracy mainly consists of four key elements. The key elements are mentioned below
- A political system for choosing and replacing the government through free and fair elections
- The active participation of the people, as citizens, in politics and civic life
- Protection of the human rights of all citizens
- A rule of law, in which the laws and procedures apply equally to all citizens
Social division affect politics
Democracy involves competition among various political parties. Their competition tends to divide any society. The competition starts mainly in terms of a few existing social divisions, which further can lead social divisions into political divisions and lead to controversies, violence or even disintegration of a country.
This has happened in many countries. Given below are two countries that show Social division affect politics
North Ireland faced violent and bitter ethnopolitical conflict. Two major sects of Christianity that is the protestants (53 per cent) and Roman Catholics(44 per cent) are represented in the country. The Catholics in the country were represented and nominated by Nationalist parties. They demanded that Northern Ireland should be unified with the Republic of Ireland, a predominantly Catholic country. The Protestants were represented by Unionists who wanted to remain with the UK, which is predominantly protestant. The fight between Nationalist and Unionist led to social conflicts where hundreds of civilians died.
The political competition in Yugoslavia along religious and ethnic lines led to the disintegration of Yugoslavia into six independent countries.