The immediate surroundings of an individual are termed as its environment. It includes all the natural, artificial, living and nonliving. Even the word environment refers to the interaction of all living organisms with natural resources as well as other environmental components.
Humans are primarily concerned about environmental degradation. The ecological effects of human activity have been from the very earliest ancestors of our time. Ever since we have all modified the ecosystem according to our convenience, and today, at this stage, we are losing all the precious natural resources that can not be recovered.
Factors which contribute to environmental damages
- Wastage of natural resources
- Disposal of wastes
Effect of Environmental damage
- Acid rain
- Increase in the carbon dioxide level in the environment
- Depletion of the ozone layer
- Acidification of lakes
- Climate change
- Extinction of species
- Global warming
Method of Fixing the problem
A waste hierarchy can minimise the impact. In this method, the action is taken to reduce the waste produced and to enhance the overall waste management processes and practices are the primary consideration. Hierarchy of waste consists of three R’s as follows:
- Reduce – We should reduce the use of non-biodegradable compounds that are harmful to us.
- Reuse – We should reuse the materials instead of dumping.
- Recycle – Non-biodegradable materials should be subjected to the recycling process.