How is a prokaryotic cell different from a eukaryotic cell?

Cells are the basic structural and functional unit of life. The term cells was first coined in 1665 by a British scientist Robert Hooke. He was the first person to study living things under a microscope and examined a thin slice of cork under a microscope and observed honeycomb-like structures. Robert Hooke called these structures as cells.

Types of cells

There are basically two types of cells in an organism. The two types of cells are listed below

  • Prokaryotic cells
  • Eukaryotic cells

Difference between Prokaryotic cells and Eukaryotic cells are listed below

Prokaryotic Eukaryotic
Organisms are always unicellular Organisms are always unicellular and multicellular
Nucleus is absent Nucleus is present
Cell division takes place through binary fission Cell division takes place through mitosis
DNA arrangement is circular DNA arrangement is linear
Example: Bacteria, Blue-green algae Example: Plant and animal cell

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