KCN on reacting with haloalkanes form:

KCN on reacting with haloalkanes from alkyl cyanides. KCN is predominantly ionic and produces cyanide ions in solution.


In this case, both carbon and nitrogen atoms are in a position to donate electron pairs, the attack takes place mainly through a carbon atom and not through a nitrogen atom since the C-C bond is more stable than the C-N bond.

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