Limitations of cyclotron

The limitations of the cyclotron are listed below.

  1. The energy to which particles can be accelerated in a cyclotron is limited due to the variation of mass with velocity.
  2. Uncharged particles cannot be accelerated by a cyclotron.
  3. Only charged particles like protons, deuterons and alpha particles can be accelerated by the cyclotron and electron cannot be accelerated, because the mass of electron is very small and a small increase in energy of electron makes it move with very high speed and as a result the electrons go quickly out of step with oscillating electric field.
  4. The energy limitation of the normal, fixed frequency cyclotron can be removed and the ions accelerated indefinitely if the applied frequency is varied to match exactly the ion rotation frequency.

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