Linear momentum is the product of mass and linear velocity.
What is Linear momentum?
Momentum is directly proportional to the object’s mass and also its velocity. Thus, the greater an object’s mass or, the greater its velocity, the greater its momentum. The total amount of momentum never changes, and this property is called conservation of momentum.
The linear momentum formula is given by,
P = m v
m = mass
v = velocity
NEWTON’S SECOND LAW OF MOTION IN TERMS OF MOMENTUM
The net external force equals the change in momentum of a system divided by the time it changes.
Fnet = Δp/Δt
Newton’s second law of motion stated in terms of momentum is more generally applicable because it can be applied to systems where the mass is changing, such as rockets and systems of constant mass.