Parenchyma is a generalized plant cell type and defined as the functional tissues in all higher plants. They are groups of diverse cells, which varies in their shapes and have very specialized functions.
Listed below are the most important functions of parenchyma cells in plants.
- Stores food and nutrients.
- Provides support and foundation.
- Involved in growth and development.
- Provide mechanical rigidity to the plants
- They are the site of all metabolic activities.
- Helps in regeneration, healing and repair of wounds.
- Involved in the movement of water and other nutrients.
- In leaves, these cells are also responsible for photosynthesis and the exchange of gases.
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