Magnitude of H-bond is maximum in solid state.
When a hydrogen atom is bound to a strongly electronegative atom, the mutual pair of electrons moves away from the hydrogen atom and toward the electronegative atom. The strength of the H-bond is determined by the compounds’ physical state. In the solid state, it reaches a maximum value, while in the gaseous state, it approaches a minimum value.
One of the states of matter is the solid-state. The matter occurs in three states: solid, liquid, and gas. Solids have certain properties that distinguish them from liquids or gases. They can resist any force that is applied to their surface.
- Solids are incompressible, which implies that the constituent particles are arranged tightly together and that there is very little space between them.
- Solids are rigid. This is because there isn’t enough space between the constituent particles, causing it to be rigid or fixed.
- Solids have a compact arrangement of constituent particles due to their definite volume, mass and shape.
- Molecules have a short intermolecular distance. The force between the constituent particles is extremely high as a result of this.
- The constituents of particles can only oscillate about their mean positions.