Mention the names of any 8 common disease, their causative agents, symptoms and their preventive measures.

Disease Causative agent Symptom Prevention
Chickenpox varicella-zoster virus; Esp saw winter & spring. Resp symptoms, malaise (not feeling well), low-grade fever followed by a rash starting on face & trunk spreading to rest of body. Mask patient. The provider should avoid contact if they’ve never had chickenpox. Vaccination now available (1995) and part of childhood immunizations.
Common cold (viral rhinitis) Course mild, often without fever and without muscle aching. Handwashing, Have proper food. avoid cold items.
Conjunctivitis (pink eye) The clinical syndrome begins with tearing, irritation & redness of the eye(s) followed by oedema of lids Good personnel hygiene. Daily laundering of bed linens including pillowcase and towels. Use washcloth on unaffected eye first and then launder after use.
Hepatitis inflammation of the liver due to multiple causes (virus most common) Headache; fever; weakness; joint pain; anorexia; nausea; vomiting Most important is the avoidance of contact with blood and body fluids of all persons.
Influenza (flu) Viral disease Epidemics usually in winter. Sudden onset fever for 3-5 days, chills, tiredness, malaise Vaccination available annually; most effective if received from September to mid-November. Treatment is symptomatic
Measles (rubeola, hard measles) Initially symptoms of a severe cold with fever, conjunctivitis, swollen eyelids, photophobia, malaise, cough Handwashing critical. MMR vaccination part of childhood program.
Mumps Acute viral disease Painful enlargement of salivary glands MMR vaccination is standard for childhood immunizations
Pneumonia Viral Chills, high fever, dyspnea, pleuritic chest pain Vaccination available esp for children

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