Name a few cash crops grown in India.

Definition

Cash crops are the crops produced for commercial purposes. These are not used for the personal use of farmers or for animal feed.

Facts of cash crop

  • A cash crop is the one that is cultivated to be sold in the market to earn profits from the sale
  • Most of the crops grown today worldwide are cash crops cultivated for selling in the national and international markets.
  • Most of the cash crops grown in the developing nations are sold to the developed nations for a better price.
  • Several cash crops such as opium, cannabis, poppies, coca are sold in the black market.

Few cash crops in India

  • Cotton: It is one of the widely grown cash crops in India and grows well in the regions with high temperature and light rainfall.
  • Jute: It is the most important cash crop in India and is also known as “golden fibre”. It requires high temperature and heavy rainfall for proper growth.
  • Sugarcane: It is a tropical as well as a sub-tropical crop and thrives well in hot and humid climate.
  • Tobacco: Tobacco is mainly produced in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka. Nicotiana tabacum and Nicotiana rustics are the important varieties of tobacco.
  • Oilseeds: India is the largest producer of oilseeds in the world. Coconut, linseed, castor seed, sunflower and mustard seeds are the important oilseeds grown in India.

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