Methanol (CH3OH) forms intermolecular hydrogen bonds with other methanol molecules.
Hydrogen bonding is the development of hydrogen bonds, that are a type of attractive intermolecular force caused by the dipole-dipole interaction between a hydrogen atom bound to a highly electronegative atom and another highly electronegative atom nearby.
Types of hydrogen bonding
Two types of hydrogen bonding have been recognized.
- Intermolecular hydrogen bonding
- intramolecular hydrogen bonding
Intermolecular means within the same molecule and Intramolecular are the forces within two atoms in a molecule. Due to hydrogen bonding, there is an increase in intermolecular aggregation forces which is reflected in the boiling point and solubility of the organic compound.