Name the alcohol which has a intermolecular hydrogen bonds.

Answer:

Methanol (CH3OH) forms intermolecular hydrogen bonds with other methanol molecules.

Hydrogen bonding

Hydrogen bonding is the development of hydrogen bonds, that are a type of attractive intermolecular force caused by the dipole-dipole interaction between a hydrogen atom bound to a highly electronegative atom and another highly electronegative atom nearby.

Types of hydrogen bonding

Two types of hydrogen bonding have been recognized.

  1. Intermolecular hydrogen bonding
  2. intramolecular hydrogen bonding

Intermolecular means within the same molecule and Intramolecular are the forces within two atoms in a molecule. Due to hydrogen bonding, there is an increase in intermolecular aggregation forces which is reflected in the boiling point and solubility of the organic compound.

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