Name the capital city of the Kerala state.

Thiruvananthapuram is the capital city of the Kerala state. The city was officially referred to as Trivandrum until 1991. Then the Kerala government decided to reinstate the city’s original name Thiruvananthapuram. Mahatma Gandhi referred to the city as the ‘Evergreen city of India’.

Features of the city

  • Thiruvananthapuram is the largest city in the state.
  • It is located on the west coast of India near the extreme south of the mainland.
  • As per the census of 2011, the population of the city was 957,730.
  • It is the major Information Technology hub in Kerala and contributes 55% of the state’s software exports.

Major educational and research institutes

The city comprises of major educational and research institutes. Main universities of the state are located in the city. University of Kerala, Kerala Technological University the regional headquarters of Indira Gandhi National Open University are the major universities. Research centres like National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, Indian Space Research Organisation’s Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, and a campus of the Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research.

Media institutes

The city is the prime centre to media institutions like Toonz India Ltd and Tata Elxsi Ltd and is also home to Chitranjali Film Studio. It is one of the first film studios in Malayalam Cinema, and Kinfra Film and Video Park at Kazhakoottom. This is India’s first Infotainment industrial park.

Air force and seaport

Southern Air Command headquarters of the Indian Air Force is located in the Thiruvananthapuram city. The Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station and the upcoming Vizhinjam International Seaport are also present in the city.

Tourist places

The major tourist places of the city are listed below

  • The world’s richest Padmanabhaswamy Temple is located in the city and is the prime tourist spot.

  • The beaches of Kovalam and Varkala are mostly attracted by all tourists.
  • The backwaters of Poovar and Anchuthengu and its Western Ghats tracts of Ponmudi and the Agastyamala are also the places that people mostly visit.

Thiruvanthapuram is known for its education, culture and people residing from all the parts of the country. The city is well planned and maintained by the government.

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