Name the gland which secretes parathormone.

The parathyroid gland secretes parathormone. This hormone increases the blood calcium level.

Explanation

In case of its deficiency, the blood plasma levels of calcium fall significantly. As a result, the nerve cells reaching the muscles cause frequent stimulation in muscles, leading to the sustained contraction of muscles of feet, hands, larynx, etc., which is called muscular tetany.

  • The parathyroid glands are important in tightly controlling calcium levels in the bloodstream.
  • The parathyroid glands are small pea-sized glands located in the neck just behind the butterfly-shaped thyroid gland.
  • The main target organs where parathyroid hormone exerts its effects are the bones and the kidneys.
  • The hormone is secreted in response to low blood calcium levels, and its effect is to increase those levels.

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