Potential energy is defined as the energy possessed by an object on account of its position.
Potential energy, stored energy that depends upon the relative position of various parts of a system. It is called potential because it can be converted into other forms of energy, such as kinetic energy. Potential energy is usually defined in equations by the capital letter U or sometimes by PE.
The formula for potential energy depends on the force acting on the two objects.
PE = mgh
- m is the mass in kilograms
- g is the acceleration due to gravity
- h is the height in meters
Types of potential energy
- Gravitational Potential Energy: The gravitational potential energy of an object is defined as the energy possessed by an object that rises to a certain height against gravity.
- Elastic Potential Energy: Elastic potential energy is the energy stored in objects that can be compressed or stretched