Frogs are carnivorous tailless amphibians that are widely found in India. A diverse variety of frogs can be found all over the world and among them, the Indian frogs are called Rana tigirna.
Details of Frog
- They are referred to as vertebrates, lying under the class Amphibia (phylum Chordata).
- Frogs are cold-blooded animals (poikilotherms). Their body temperature varies according to the environment where they survive.
- They need to protect themselves from extreme heat and cold and maintain optimum body temperature.
- Thus, they undergo aestivation and hibernation during the summer and winter seasons.
- Another vital characteristic feature of frogs is that they have the property of camouflage. That is they can change the colour of their skin according to their surroundings.
Scientific naming or binomial nomenclature is a two-part name. It plays a significant role as they enable people throughout the world, to communicate unambiguously about different species. This universally accepted scientific naming method comprises of two parts. The first part stands for the genus of the species and the second part stands for the specific.
Certain rules are to be followed while naming in scientific notation. The rules are given below:
- The first name of the scientific name must always be the Genus. The first letter must begin with a capital letter
- The second part of the name is specific to the species. It begins only with a lower case letter
- Both the names must be italicised
Scientific Name of Frog
Anura is the scientific name of the frog. Frog comes under the amphibia class, Chordata phylum, and Animalia kingdom.
Scientific name of Indian frog
The name of the order in which the frogs belongs is Anura. The Indian frog is the most common species of the frog. The scientific name of Indian frog is Hoplobatrachus tigerinus. It is popularly known as Asian bullfrog. Each species of frogs have different scientific names.
The names of some frogs along with their scientific names are tabulated below:
|Facts about Common Frog|
|Scientific name||Rana Temporaria|
|Facts about Tree Frog|
|Scientific name||Hyla cinerea|
|Facts about African Clawed Frog|
|Scientific name||Xenopus laevis|
|Facts about Poison Dart Frog|
More about Anura
- Around 3400 species of Anura are found in the world.
- Comprises of four limbs. The front limbs are elongated and modified to jump.
- The head and trunk of the Anura are fused together.
- The tail can be found only in the larval stage of development and is lost in the adults.
- Fertilization takes place externally and the eggs are laid in water. Eg., frogs and toads.