The world’s largest steppe region, commonly referred to as “the Great Steppe”, is found in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and nearby countries expanding from Ukraine in the west through Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to the Altai, Koppet Dag and Tian Shan ranges in China.
Steppes are a class of region characterized by vast, wide-open grasslands. In this area, trees are generally absent, except near lakes or rivers. The climate of the steppes differs from region to region. Steppe biomes comprises of the montane grasslands and shrublands biome and the temperate grasslands, savannas and shrublands biome.
Classification of Steppes by climate
Steppe on the basis of climate is classified into the following categories
- Temperate steppe: The actual steppe, found in continental areas of the world. These can be further divided as in the Rocky Mountains Steppes
- Subtropical steppe: A similar association of plants which can be found in the driest areas with a Mediterranean-like climate and it usually has a short wet period