Methane is the simplest hydrocarbon with the chemical formula of CH4. It undergoes only a few chemical reactions. Oxidation of methane gives methanol, methanol, methanoic acid and
Oxidation of methane
CH4→CH3OH + CO2+ H2O
Methane undergoes partial oxidation to methanol releasing CO2 and H20
Methane undergoes substitution reaction.
One of the bond breaks a weak C−H covalent bond and grabs the liberated proton to form the electrically neutral HCl. The other radical reforms a covalent bond with the CH3to form CH3Cl
The CH3+ ion, formed in ionized methane, undergoes consecutive eliminative condensation reactions with methane to form the carbonium ions.