The direction of dipole moment is_______

Answer:

The direction of dipole moment is from negative to positive charge.

Dipole moment

  • A dipole moment arises in any system in which there is a separation of charge. They can, therefore, arise in ionic bonds as well as in covalent bonds.
  • Dipole moments occur due to the difference in electronegativity between two chemically bonded atoms.
  • A bond dipole moment is a measure of the polarity of a chemical bond between two atoms in a molecule.
  • It involves the concept of electric dipole moment, which is a measure of the separation of negative and positive charges in a system.
  • It can be noted that the symbols 𝛿+ and 𝛿 represent the two electric charges that arise in a molecule which are equal in magnitude but are of opposite signs.
  • They are separated by a set distance, which is commonly denoted by d.

Dipole moment of H2O

Since the oxygen atom is much more electronegative than the hydrogen atom, the electrons in a water molecule group around it. The existence of a lone pair of electrons in the oxygen atom, on the other hand, causes the water molecule to bend.

Dipole moment of H2O

The bond angle in a water molecule is 104.5o. The individual bond moment of an oxygen-hydrogen bond is 1.5 D. The net dipole moment in a water molecule is found to be 1.84D.

Was this answer helpful?

 
   

0.5 (1)

(0)
(2)

Choose An Option That Best Describes Your Problem

Thank you. Your Feedback will Help us Serve you better.

Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

*

BOOK

Free Class

Ask
Question