The first battle of Panipat was fought on April 21, 1526. The battle was fought between Babur and Ibrahim Lodhi.
First battle of Panipat
- The Delhi Sultanate was ruled by the Afghan Lodi dynasty from 1451.
- Ibrahim Lodi, was the reigning king of the Sultanate from 1517.
- Babur, belonged to a descendant of both Timur and Chengiz Khan, was the ruler of Fergana (in Uzbekistan) and had conquered Kabul in 1504.
- He tried to capture Samarkand but lost it three times. Hence, he turned his attention and focus towards Punjab.
- Daulat Khan, the governor of Punjab, invited Babur to invade the region and destroy Ibrahim Lodi.
- Babur reached Lahore in 1524 but was sent back by Lodi’s group of army members. He tried to defeat Lodi again but it went vain.
- In 1526, Babur prepared well with an improved intelligence network. He had a smaller number of troops compared to Lodi.
- He organised his army into three flanks. He also initiated the use of gunpowder firearms and field artillery into the subcontinent with this war.
- Lodi’s army relied completely on cavalry and especially on elephants, which in earlier times, could shock the enemy and rout them.
- Lodi’s bravery could not match up to the expertise of Babur on the battlefield.