The first Earth summit which is also referred to as United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) was held on 14th June 1992 in Rio de Janeiro. Almost 172 governments participated, out of which 116 sent their heads of state or government.
Focus of the summit
The main focus of the summit was as follows
- To discuss on the global climatic change taking place on the earth
- An agreement was made “not to carry out any activities on the lands of indigenous peoples that would cause environmental degradation or that would be culturally inappropriate”.
- A significant accomplishment of the summit was an agreement on the Climate Change Convention which in turn led to the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement.