The main function of stomata is to let plants take in carbon dioxide for photosynthesis as well as limit the loss of water due to adverse weather conditions. The stomata is essentially a pore that opens and closes according to the plant’s needs. It is generally found on the underside of the leaves, on the epidermis. They are majorly found on the underside as excessive exposure to the sun can result in the stomata shrivelling and resulting in the loss of function. However, stomata can be found on both sides of the leaves as well. Such leaves are called amphistomatic leaves.
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Main Article: Stomata