The method of sowing seeds in jhum cultivation is known as ____________.

Answer: The correct answer is broadcasting or scattering.

  • Some of the tribal people, by the nineteenth century, practiced shifting cultivation.
  • Mostly in forest areas, shifting cultivation was practiced on small patches of land.
  • To carry out the cultivation, the vegetation on land was cleared by burning them.
  • To allow the sunlight to reach the ground, cultivators had to cut the tree tops.
  • From the firing that was used to clear the land on ground, the ash was spread to fertilise the soil, this ash had potash.
  • To prepare it for cultivation, the soil was scratched using a hoe and an axe was used to cut down the trees.
  • Instead of sowing and ploughing the land, the seeds were broadcast; in other words, the seeds were scattered on the field.
  • They moved to another field once the crop was ready and harvested.
  • The field was left fallow for several years, once the field was used for cultivation.
  • In the forested and hilly tracts of Central India and North east India, shifting cultivators could be found.
  • Using the forests and its land for growing crops, and free movement within forests were key to the survival of tribal people.

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