“The Northern plains have diverse relief features''. Explain.

Answer:

It is generally believed that Northern plains do not have any variations in its relief features. This is not true. Northern plains can be divided into 4 regions based on their relief features. They are listed below:

  • Bhabar
  • Terai
  • Bhangar
  • Khadar

Kadar

  • It is suitable for intensive agriculture.
  • They are very fertile as they are renewed every year.
  • Khadar is the younger deposits of the flood plains.

Bhangar

  • It presents a terrace-like feature.
  • It lies above the floodplains of the rivers.
  • It is the largest part of the Northern plains.
  • It is formed of older alluvium.

Terai

  • This is a marshy, swampy, and wet region.
  • This is the region where rivers and streams re-emerge.
  • It is located to the South of the Bhabar belt.

Bhabar

  • A narrow belt of 8 km to 16 km in width which lies parallel to the slopes of Shiwaliks is known as the Bhabar.
  • The rivers flowing down from the mountains deposit pebbles in this narrow belt.
  • All the streams start disappearing in the Bhabar belt.

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