It is generally believed that Northern plains do not have any variations in its relief features. This is not true. Northern plains can be divided into 4 regions based on their relief features. They are listed below:
- It is suitable for intensive agriculture.
- They are very fertile as they are renewed every year.
- Khadar is the younger deposits of the flood plains.
- It presents a terrace-like feature.
- It lies above the floodplains of the rivers.
- It is the largest part of the Northern plains.
- It is formed of older alluvium.
- This is a marshy, swampy, and wet region.
- This is the region where rivers and streams re-emerge.
- It is located to the South of the Bhabar belt.
- A narrow belt of 8 km to 16 km in width which lies parallel to the slopes of Shiwaliks is known as the Bhabar.
- The rivers flowing down from the mountains deposit pebbles in this narrow belt.
- All the streams start disappearing in the Bhabar belt.