Thillana is a format of Bharatnatyam
Bharata Natyam is an age-old art, which is over two thousand years old. The art form originated in the ancient temples of Tamil Nadu. Subsequently, Bharata Natyam spread its branches to the neighbouring states and cities of India.
There are four major styles of Bharata Natyam from ancient times, with each of them named after the place of their origin, except the last one which is named after the institution established by Rukmini Devi Arundale. Irrespective of the style, the three major aspects of Bharta Natyam remain the same.
Features of Bharatnatyam
The three important features of Bharata Natyam are:
1. Nritta The pure rhythmic aspect of dance. It consists of ‘Adavus’, which includes a different pattern of footwork, hand and body movements, and the movements of minor limbs such as head, neck and eyes.
Examples of Nritta dances – Jathiswaram and Thillana.
2. Natya This comprises of hand gestures (hastas) and facial expressions. This is used to convey forward an emotion and also the meaning of the lyrics of a song.
Example of Natya dances – Padam, Shabdam and Jawali.
3. Nrithya The combination of Nritta and Natya dance sequence. The blend of rhythmic dance and dramatic expression of emotion presented in a particular way.
Example of Nritya dances – Pada Varnam, Swarajathi.
Hence, the correct option is (C)