Alloys are metal mixtures with other elements, the precise combination of which is governed by the properties required. In general, alloys are considered metallic in nature, i.e. they have good thermal and electrical conductivity.
Alloys are combinations of metals or metals and other elements. Certain other metals/elements can be added to the metals in specific ratios to form alloys to confer certain properties to metals or strengthen some of their present properties. So, what is an alloy in simpler words? An alloy is a homogeneous mixture of two or more metals or a metal and a non-metal.
For example, pure aluminium is a relatively soft metal. Pure copper is also quite soft. However, when aluminium is alloyed with copper, the resulting alloy’s strength is far greater than that of its parent metals. The other important examples of alloys are listed below.
Alloys have a wide variety of uses. The interpretation of alloys actually reduces the material’s price and maintains the metal’s desired properties. The combination of metals improves material properties and offers resistance to oxidation and mechanical strength.
Listed below are the applications of alloy in daily life.
- Used for many home decorative items and is composed of copper and zinc.
- The alloy of bronze is used for making statues and medals as well as home decorates.
- The carbon steel alloy is used for weapon making, while in household items, it’s used in high tensile blade making. These are used in grinders, blenders and juicer.
- The alloy amalgam used for many medical activities has silver, tin, copper, and zinc with mercury, indium, and palladium.
- The cookware cutlery and other major appliances like refrigerator and gas stove, surgical instruments contain stainless steel, which is mainly composed of carbon, chromium and nickel with iron as the main component.