What Are Grinard Reagents?

The Grignard reaction is an organometallic chemical reaction in which alkyl, vinyl, or aryl-magnesium halides add to a carbonyl group in an aldehyde or ketone. This reaction is essential for the formation of carbon–carbon bonds. Grignard compound is a chemical compound with the generic formula R–Mg–X, where X is a halogen and R is an organic group, normally an alkyl or aryl.

Examples are: phenylmagnesium bromide (C. 6H. 5)–Mg–Br and methylmagnesium chloride H. 3C–Mg–Cl and .

Grignard Reagents are also utilised in the following reactions:

The addition of an excess of a Grignard reagent to an ester or lactone gives a tertiary alcohol in which two alkyl groups are the same, and the addition of a Grignard reagent to a nitrile produces an unsymmetrical ketone via a metalloimine intermediate.

Was this answer helpful?


0 (0)


Choose An Option That Best Describes Your Problem

Thank you. Your Feedback will Help us Serve you better.

Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Required fields are marked *




Free Class