What are some examples of covalent and ionic bonds?


Chemical Bonding refers to the formation of a chemical bond between two or more atoms, molecules, or ions to give rise to a chemical compound. When substances participate in chemical bonding and yield compounds, the stability of the resulting compound can be gauged by the type of chemical bonds it contains. Various types of chemical bonds are,

  • Covalent Bonds
  • Ionic Bonds
  • Hydrogen Bonds
  • Polar Bonds

Covalent bonds

The sharing of electrons between atoms is referred to as a covalent bond. This form of chemical bonding is typical in carbon-based compounds. The pair of electrons which are shared by the two atoms now extend around the nuclei of atoms, leading to the creation of a molecule.

Examples of covalent bonds

  1. Carbon-dioxide
  2. Nitrogen
  3. Water
  4. Oxygen

Ionic bonds

An electrovalent or ionic bond is a bond created by strong electrostatic forces of attraction between two positively and negatively charged species. The positively and negatively charged ions form a crystal lattice, which is stabilized by the energy known as the Lattice enthalpy.

Examples of ionic bonds

  1. NaF – Sodium Fluoride
  2. KF – Potassium Fluoride
  3. KI – Potassium Iodide
  4. BeO – Beryllium Oxide
  5. Cs2O – Cesium Oxide
  6. CaF2 – Calcium Fluoride
  7. LiNO3 – Lithium Nitrate

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