What are the different approaches to measuring human development?


There are 4 different approaches to measure human development. These 4 approaches are given below:

  • Capabilities approach
  • Minimum needs approach
  • Welfare approach
  • Income approach

Capability Approach 

  • This approach was given by Indian economist, Dr Amartya Sen.
  • As per capability approach, the key to increasing human development is access to resources, building human capabilities in the areas of education, and health.

Basic Needs Approach or Minimum Needs Approach

  • The International Labour Organisation (ILO) proposed this basic needs approach.
  • As per this approach, six basic needs of the human needs were identified: which are housing, sanitation, water supply, food, education, and health.

Welfare Approach

  • This approach focuses on higher Government expenditure on health, education, and other social amenities.

Income Approach

  • This approach states that, if the income level is higher, then it leads to higher human development.
  • In this approach, level of income is linked to human development.

Related Links

Was this answer helpful?


2.5 (2)


Choose An Option That Best Describes Your Problem

Thank you. Your Feedback will Help us Serve you better.

Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Required fields are marked *




App Now