Rutherford’s conducted an experiment by bombarding a thin sheet of gold with α-particles and then studied the trajectory of these particles after their interaction with the gold foil.
Conclusions from the experiment
Listed below are the conclusions drawn from the Rutherford’s experiment
- Most of the space in an atom is empty
- The space occupied by the positive charge is very small
- The positive charges and mass of the atom were concentrated in a very small volume within the atom
- The centre of the atom is called the nucleus
- Electron spin around the nucleus in a circular path
Listed below are the limitations of Rutherford’s experiment
- Rutherford’s model was inadequate to explain the stability of an atom.
- It did not mention anything about the arrangement of electron in the orbit.