What are the number of groups that belong to the p-block called?

The maximum number of electrons that can be accommodated in a set of orbitals is six. Consequently, there are six groups occupied by the p block elements.

p-block elements

The p-block contains groups 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18, except Helium. The principal quantum number “n” fills the p orbital. There is a maximum of six electrons that can occupy the p orbital.

  • First group: group IIIA called as Boron group
  • Second group: group IVA, called as Carbon group.
  • Third group: group VA called as Nitrogen group.
  • Fourth group: group VIA called Chalcogens.
  • Fifth group: group VIIA called Halogens.
  • Sixth group: zero groups or group 18 called as Inert or Noble gasses group.

In the p-block, all three sorts of elements are available, i.e. the Metals, Non-Metals, and Metalloids.

  • Metals: Aluminium,Gallium, Indium,Thallium,Tin,Lead,Bismuth
  • Non-Metals: Helium, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Neon, Phosphorus, Sulphur, Chlorine, Argon, Selenium, Bromine, Krypton, Iodine, Xenon, Radon
  • Metalloids: Boron, Silicon, Germanium, Arsenic, Antimony, Tellurium, Polonium, Astatine

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