The first word in binomial nomenclature is the genus to which the organism belongs, and it is called the generic name. The second word is the name of the species to which the organism belongs, and it is called the specific epithet.
A binomial naming system
The binomial naming system was first uniformly used by Carl Linnaeus. The binomial naming system is the system used to name species. Each species is given a name that consists of two parts. The first part is the Genus to which the species belongs, and the second part is the species name.
The scientific name Homo sapiens is used to describe the human species. It combines parts of the Latin words hom, meaning human, and sapien, meaning wise. First and foremost, it defines humans as part of the genus Homo, which includes several extinct species of early humans and modern humans.