There are two basic types of acids organic and inorganic acids. Inorganic acids are sometimes referred to as mineral acids. As a group, organic acids are generally not as strong as inorganic acids. The main difference between the two is the presence of carbon in the compound; inorganic acids do not contain carbon.
- Inorganic acids – Inorganic acids are often termed mineral acids. The anhydrous form may be gaseous or solid. An inorganic anhydride is an oxide of metalloid which can combine with water to form an inorganic acid. Example: Lactic acid, Acetic acid, Formic acid.
- Organic acids – Organic acids are corrosive and toxic. A corrosivity is a form of toxicity to the tissues that the acid contacts. Organic acids and their derivatives cover a wide range of substances. They are used in nearly every type of chemical manufacture. Because of the variety in the chemical structure of the members of the organic acid group. Example: Hydrochloric acid (HCl), Nitric acid (HNO3), Phosphoric acid (H3PO4)