Adaptation refers to the change in the structure and the function of an organism which is the result obtained from the natural process by which an organism found a better way to fit into the environment and multiply in the same environment.
Following are the types of adaptations:
- Structural adaptations: These are the changes that are brought in the structure of a living organism to adapt better to the environment.
- Behavioural adaptations: These are the changes in an organism that brings changes with respect to their behaviour so that they can survive better in the environment.
- Physiological adaptations: This adaptation helps organisms in better reproduction.
- Coadaptation: This is when two or more organisms are bound to each other symbiotically for their survival.
When an organism undergoes a change in the body as a response to the genetic mutation or any other environmental changes, it is known as phenotypic adaptation.
Example of phenotypic adaptation:
The big ears of the elephants act as thermoregulation.
The change in the structure or the habits by which an organism becomes better so that it can function well in its environment is known as genotypic adaptation.