What are types of adaptation ? And what is phenotypic and genotypic adaptations ?

Adaptation refers to the change in the structure and the function of an organism which is the result obtained from the natural process by which an organism found a better way to fit into the environment and multiply in the same environment.

Following are the types of adaptations:

  • Structural adaptations: These are the changes that are brought in the structure of a living organism to adapt better to the environment.
  • Behavioural adaptations: These are the changes in an organism that brings changes with respect to their behaviour so that they can survive better in the environment.
  • Physiological adaptations: This adaptation helps organisms in better reproduction.
  • Coadaptation: This is when two or more organisms are bound to each other symbiotically for their survival.

Phenotypic adaptation:

When an organism undergoes a change in the body as a response to the genetic mutation or any other environmental changes, it is known as phenotypic adaptation.

Example of phenotypic adaptation:

The big ears of the elephants act as thermoregulation.

Genotypic adaptation:

The change in the structure or the habits by which an organism becomes better so that it can function well in its environment is known as genotypic adaptation.

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