The undesirable plants that grow along with the crops are called weeds. These weeds, feed on the nutrients provided to the crops and thus reduce the supply of nutrients to the crops, thereby, hindering their growth. The growth of these weeds needs to be limited in order to enhance the growth of the plants.
The process of removal of weeds is called weeding. To obtain this, weedicides are employed, which are essentially chemicals specifically made to destroy weeds. They are regularly sprayed before seeding and flowering.
Some important weeding methods are listed below
- Weeds can be controlled using weedicides: It is a chemical, which is sprayed in the fields to kill all available weeds. Weedicides are not harmful to crops.
- Tilling before sowing of crops also helps in removing weeds: Tilling uproots the weeds. The best time for the removal of weeds is before they produce flowers and seeds.
- The manual method of removing weeds is with the help of a khurpi. It involves regular uprooting or cutting of weeds close to the ground.
- Manual method: Walking the field and pulling out the weeds.
- By mechanical means: Using trowel through the field that will fill up the space between the crop rows and cut/kill the weeds.