What could be the reasons for adopting contraceptive methods?

Contraception can be used to prevent pregnancy, and some types will also protect you from sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Contraceptive methods are mainly adopted because of the following reasons:

  1. To prevent unwanted pregnancies.
  2. To control population rise or birth rate.
  3. To prevent the transfer of sexually transmitted diseases.

Methods of contraception

  • long-acting reversible contraception – the implant or intrauterine device (IUD)
  • hormonal contraception – the pill or the Depo Provera injection
  • barrier methods – condoms emergency contraception
  • fertility awareness
  • permanent contraception – vasectomy and tubal ligation.

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