What divides the Earth into eastern and western hemispheres?

Answer:

Prime Meridian divides the earth into eastern and western hemispheres.

Prime meridian

  • The meridian which passed through Greenwich, where the British Royal Observatory is located. This meridian is considered as the Prime Meridian.
  • Its value is 0° longitude and from it, we count 180° eastward as well as 180° westward. The Prime Meridian and 180° meridian divide the earth into two halves, the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere

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