BEC stands for Bose-Einstein Condensate which is defined as the state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons that is cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero. Bose-Einstein condensate refers to the breakdown of atoms into a single quantum state. It is found at low temperatures when particles are not incapable of moving.
More about BEC
- BEC was the first proposed around 1924 by Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein.
- BEC is a state of affairs made up of weakly interacting bosons at very near absolute zero temperatures.
- After reaching this temperature, most bosons occupy the lowest quantum state of the external potential.
- If plasmas are super hot and super excited atoms, the atoms in a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) are total opposites. They are super unexcited and super cold atoms.