What Is coercivity and retentivity?


Hysteresis loop provides a substance with the importance of retentivity and coercivity. Therefore the way to select the right material to make a permanent magnet is made simpler by the heart of machines. When a ferromagnetic material is magnetized by applying the external magnetizing field, after magnetization if we remove the external magnetizing field the material will not relax back to its zero magnetization position.


The amount of reverse(-ve H) external magnetizing field required to completely demagnetize the substance is known as coercivity of substance.

  • Coercivity is defined as the minimum value of magnetising intensity that is required to bring the material to its original state.
  • In the case of a ferromagnetic substance, when the applied magnetic field is increased in the reverse direction, then at some point Hc the substance completely loses its magnetization. This point is known as coercivity.


The ability of the magnetic field remaining in the material even after removing the external source is known as Retentivity.

  • It tells us about the magnetic strength of the material.
  • In other words when the applied magnetic field is decreased to zero after meeting the saturation point of magnetization, then the remaining magnetization shown by the substance is known as retentivity.

Articles to Explore:

  1. What are paramagnetic substances?
  2. What are some common examples of paramagnetic elements?

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  1. Very good answer related to the retentivity.
    Thank you

  2. Good
    Thank you

  3. Nice answer
    Very useful

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