An electrolyte is defined as the substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when it is dissolved in a polar solvent. When the electrolyte dissolves, it gets separated into cations and anions and this dispersion is uniform throughout the solvent. Acids, bases, and salts are the most commonly known electrolytes.
An electrolyte is a substance that dissociates in water into charged particles called ions. Positively charged ions are called cations. Negatively charged ions are called anions. In other words, an electrolyte is a substance that can conduct an electric current when melted or dissolved in water.
How does it work?
In the process of electrolysis, there is an exchange of ions and atoms due to the addition or elimination of electrons from the external circuit.
- On passing current, cations move to the cathode, take electrons from the cathode (which is provided by the supply source battery), and is discharged into the neutral atom.
- The neutral atom,( when solid) is deposited on the cathode and if gas, move upwards. This is a reduction process and the cation is, reduced at the cathode.